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作者:   发布时间:2008-02-20    浏览量:3098   字体大小:  A+   A- 


The Tokyo MOU press release of August 2007 advised that the members of the Memorandum (Australia, Canada, Chile, China, Fiji, Hong Kong (China), Indonesia, Japan, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Russian Federation, Singapore, Thailand, Vanuatu and Vietnam) would undertake a concentrated inspection campaign (CIC) on the ISM Code between 1 September and 30 November 2007. The campaign was conducted in conjunction with the Paris MOU and other MOUs as well.

Unlike previous ISM CIC’s, this CIC was aimed at determining whether the safety management system onboard the inspected ships was not only effectively implemented but also whether it was properly maintained.

During the CIC, member authorities inspected a total of 4,094 vessels of which 108 were detained as a direct result of the campaign (2.6%). The overall PSC detention rate during the campaign period was 5.0%. This compares to an average regional detention rate between January and August 2007of 5.9%.

In regard to detention performance, the lowest performing ship type was general cargo/multi-purpose ships. These accounted for 29% of all inspections and 61% of the detentions (66 detentions). This gave these ships the highest detention rate of 5.5%.

Next highest detention rate was offshore service vessels with a detention rate of 5.3% however only 19 ships were inspected of which 1 was detained.

Interestingly, 70 gas carriers were inspected with 3 being detained. This resulted in a detention rate of 4.3%, which gave gas carriers the third highest detention rate.

Other detention rates for ship types, in order, were: other types of ships (4.0%), NLS tankers (3.4%), Oil tankers (2.3%), bulk carriers (1.7%), refrigerated cargo vessels (1.5%), container ships (1.1%) and chemical tankers (1.0%). It should be noted that the categories of ‘other types of ships’ and ‘NLS tankers’ had relatively small numbers of inspections (25 and 29 respectively) and a single detention.

The performance of bulk carriers, having been subject to 1,093, or 27%, of all inspections, should be noted as very pleasing.

In regard to the performance of individual flag States subject to more than 10 inspections, the 5 states with lowest performance were Korea, DPR with 4 detentions (18.2%), Georgia with 2 detentions (14.3%), Thailand with 6 detentions (12.2%),

Indonesia with 2 detentions (11.1%) and Mongolia with 3 detentions (10.3%).

If the total number of detentions is considered, Panama had 28 detentions out of 1,440 inspections (1.9%) and Cambodia had 26 detentions from 254 inspections (10.2%).

The CIC questionnaire indicated that an answer of “unsatisfactory” was given to a question on 3.1% of occasions. Initial analysis of the results of the CIC also indicates that an effective maintenance system was the element in which the highest level of non-compliance was identified. This was followed by review of the safety management system and reporting of non-conformities, accidents and dangerous occurrences.

More detailed analysis of the results will be considered by committee members, however it does appear that the inspection campaign was successful and indicated that for most ships and ISM operators, the safety management system is functioning and understood onboard.

来源:TOKYO MOU 2008-02-20