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集装箱运输费率:短期回弹后再下跌

作者: 发布时间:2018-05-23 浏览量:443

集装箱运输费率:短期回弹后再下跌
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来源:American Shipper 2018-05-21
翻译:国际海事信息网 姜文杰 王雅媛 张运鸿
 
       追踪现货市场汇率的两大指数显示,集装箱运费在短期回弹后于上周再次下跌。
 
       上海航运交易所规定的上海箱运指数(Shanghai Containerized Freight Index,以下简称SCFI指数)——主要用于统计上海13个对外贸易现货利率,其在上周下降了3.2%,而位于伦敦的海运咨询公司德鲁里(Drewry)发布的世界集装箱指数(World Container Index,以下简称WCI指数)较一周前下跌了1.1%。
 
       SCFI指数显示,上海-欧洲的集装箱费率于上周下降了2.2%,即每20英尺标准箱(TEU)811美元的价格下跌至793美元;而上海-地中海的费率变化趋势相反,上涨了12%,即从每TEU783美元涨至795美元。

       上海至美国西岸的费率下降了5.4%,价格从每40英尺标准箱(FEU)1382美元跌至1208美元;上海至美国东岸的费率则下降了1.4%,价格从每FEU2364美元跌至2332美元。
 
       根据德鲁里提供的数据,上海至鹿特丹的集装箱运费较上周的每FEU1459美元上涨了2%,而上海至热内亚的费用却下跌了3%,即每FEU1653美元。尽管亚洲-北欧贸易持续增长,集装箱运费却较一年前同期下降了19%,亚洲-地中海地区费率则下降了10%。

       不过,跨大西洋的费率行情保持乐观,与上周持平,比去年同期高出9%,为每FEU1972美元。

       在每周的分析报告中,德鲁里预计下周集装箱费率将会再次“疲软”,若是继续下跌,将会对集装箱运输公司造成灾难性打击。由于运价远低于运输成本造成了产能过剩,造成2016年这该行业的巨大经济损失,在去年利润才有所回升。
 
(本文版权归国际海事信息网所有,转载请注明出处。)
 
Container rates recede again after brief rebound
 
Container freight rates declined again last week following a brief rebound, according to two of the primary indices tracking spot market rates.
 
The Shanghai Shipping Exchange’s composite Shanghai Containerized Freight Index, which measures spot rates on 13 different outbound trades from Shanghai, fell 3.2 percent last week, while the World Container Index, produced by London-based maritime shipping consultant Drewry, slipped 1.1 percent from a week prior.
 
According to the SCFI, rates from Shanghai to Europe slid 2.2 percent last week, from $811 per TEU to $793 per TEU, while rates from Shanghai to the Mediterranean bucked the overall trend, growing 12 percent, from $783 per TEU to $795 per TEU.
 
Rates from Shanghai to the U.S. West Coast dropped 5.4 percent, from $1,382 per FEU to $1,308 per FEU, while rates to the U.S. East Coast slipped 1.4 percent, from $2,364 per FEU to $2,332 per FEU.
 
And according to Drewry, pricing from Shanghai to Rotterdam actually ticked up 2 percent from the previous week to $1,459 per FEU, but rates from Shanghai to Genoa fell 3 percent to $1,653 per FEU. Despite the sequential growth on the Asia-North Europe trade, however, rates were still down 19 percent from the same week a year ago, while Asia-Mediterranean rates were down 10 percent.
 
At $1,972 per FEU, however, rates in the transatlantic trade remained in positive territory, stagnating from the previous week but rising 9 percent higher from this time last year.
 
In its weekly analysis, Drewry said it expected rates to “soften” again next week, and if rates continue to fall, it could spell disaster for carriers, which last year saw a resurgence in profits following a calamitous 2016 in which the industry lost billions as overcapacity pushed rates to well below operating expenses.
 

来源:simic