X

国际海事信息网

扫描二维码关注微信公众号、微博

随时随地获取更多资讯和服务

让我们成为您身边的海事信息专家

  首页 >> 海外传真 >> 正文

中远上半年利润微薄

作者: 发布时间:2018-09-02 浏览量:402

字体大小:  A+   A- 

中远上半年利润微薄
图片来自网络,版权属于原作者

来源:American Shipper 2018-08-30
翻译:国际海事信息网 王雅媛 张运鸿
      
       中国远洋运输集团周四表示,今年上半年公司股东利润为4080万元人民币(约合600万美元),而去年同期利润为18.6亿元人民币,同比下跌了98%。
  
       尽管今年上半年收入为450亿元人民币,较2017年上半年收入435亿元人民币有所上涨,但其利润有所下降。
  
       中远称这笔利润是“来之不易的”,并将其归因于其集装箱航运业务的经营业绩。该业务“远超行业平均水平且对公司利润的贡献力度高于码头业务”。
  
       2018年上半年,该公司码头处理的货运量为280万TEU,比2017年上半年增加了35%。码头业务收入增加了67.5%,为31.8亿元人民币,而集装箱运输收入仅增加了1.3%,为424亿元人民币。
  
       该公司指出,今年上半年,集装箱运输需求略有增长,全球货运量比去年同期增加了6.2%。中远集团本身货运量达到了1123.5万TEU,较去年同期增加了12.4%。
  
       “然而,由于同期大型集装箱船的集中交付,全球运力的增长超过了需求的增长,这给市场价格带来了下行压力。今年上半年,中国出口集装箱运价指数(China Containerized Freight Index,以下简称CCFI指数)平均为797点,较去年同期下跌了3.8%,而第二季度的平均CCFI指数较今年第一季度下跌了4.6%。”
  
       CCFI指数是根据合同费率计算的。与更广泛宣传的基于现货价格的上海箱运指数(Shanghai Containerized Freight Index)一样,该指数是由上海航运交易所编制发布的。
  
       “同时,燃油价格飙升导致班轮公司成本上升。”中远补充道。
  
       展望2018年下半年,中远预计“世界经济将继续走向复苏之路”。公司表示,虽然贸易保护主义势头加大,以及中美贸易摩擦在一定程度上会抑制全球经济发展,但预计自2017年以来全球经济将继续增长,从而为集装箱货运量的增加提供保障。
  
       中远表示,其对东方海外(OOCL)母公司的收购已于7月底完成,并指出中远“将很快开启发展‘双品牌’的新篇章。”
  
       截至6月底,中远集装箱船队已有393艘船只,运力达到204万TEU,比上年同期增加了15.8%。随着对OOCL的收购和新船舶的订购,中远集团的货运能力超过了300万TEU,目前已成为世界第三大船运公司,位于法国达飞(CMA CGM)之前,仅次于马士基(Maersk)和地中海航运(MSC)。
 
(本文版权归国际海事信息网所有,图片版权归原作者,转载请注明出处。)
 
COSCO: Slim profit for first half
 
COSCO Shipping Holdings said Thursday that it had eked out a profit attributable to equity holders of the company of 40.8 million Chinese yuan renminbi (RMB) or approximately $6 million in the first six months of this year compared with a profit of 1.86 billion RMB in the same period last year, a 98 percent drop.
 
The decline in profit came despite an increase in revenue to about 45 billion RMB in the first half of this year compared to 43.5 billion RMB in the first half of 2017.
 
COSCO called the profit a “hard-won” result and attributed it to an operating performance of its container shipping business “which was better than the industry average and the profit contribution of the terminal business.”
 
The company's terminal business handled 2.8 million TEUs in the first half of 2018, 35 percent more than in first half of 2017. Revenue from the terminal business was up 67.5 percent to 3.18 billion RMB, while revenue from container shipping was up just 1.3 percent to 42.4 billion RMB.
 
The company noted that in the first half of the year, demand for container transportation grew moderately and global cargo volume increased by 6.2 percent as compared to the same period of last year. COSCO itself achieved a shipping volume of 11,235,000 TEUs, representing an increase of 12.4 percent as compared to the same period of last year.
 
“However, due to the concentrated delivery of large container vessels during the same period, the growth in global capacity exceeded the growth in demand, which put downward pressure on the market price. In the first half of the year, the average of the China Containerized Freight Index (CCFI) was 797 points, representing a decrease of 3.8 percent as compared to the same period of last year, while the average CCFI for the second quarter recorded a decrease of 4.6 percent as compared to the first quarter of this year.” 
 
The CCFI is based on contract rates. Like the more widely publicized Shanghai Containerized Freight Index, which is based on spot rates, it is produced by the Shanghai Shipping Exchange.
 
“Meanwhile, surging bunker prices resulted in the increase of the cost of liner companies,” said COSCO.
 
Looking forward to the second half of 2018, COSCO predicted the "world economy will remain on the path of recovery. Although trade protectionism is on the rise and Sino-US trade frictions may inhibit the growth of the global economy to a certain extent, it is expected that the global economy will continue its growth since 2017, thus providing guarantee for the growth of container shipping volume."
 
COSCO noted its acquisition of the parent company of Orient Overseas Container Line was completed at the end of the July and said COSCO "will soon open a new chapter of developing 'dual brands.' "
 
At the end of June, COSCO said its container fleet reached 393 vessels with carrying capacity of 2.04 million TEUs, 15.8 percent more than a year earlier. With the acquisition of OOCL and new ships on order, COSCO’s capacity now exceeds 3 million TEUs, which it says now makes it the third largest in the world, ahead of CMA CGM, and behind only Maersk and MSC.
 
 

来源:simic