来源：World Maritime News 2018-11-14
翻译：国际海事信息网 黄子倩 张运鸿
航运界普遍认为，减速航行（slow steaming）是削减成本节省燃油的关键举措之一，特别是在2020年“限硫令”（sulphur cap）生效之后，作用将尤其突出。相较于小型集装箱船，这一点对于发动机性能更强的ULCs（超大型集装箱船）和那些航运领域的大型公司更为重要。
托夫特表示：“在船舶减速与准点率方面，我们遇到两个问题，如今已经解决了一个。这两个问题一个是业内相对精度（relative precision）的问题，另一个是向客户名义交付（nominal delivery）的问题。我们对目前交付给客户的仍不满意，而这方面的改进与降低航速、提高准点率息息相关。”
Toft: Ocean Speeds Will Go Down as Bunker Prices, Vessel Sizes Grow
Sailing speeds will decrease, as bunker prices continue to increase together with average vessel sizes, Soren Toft, Executive Vice President of A.P. Møller – Mærsk A/S, said today in the company’s conference call on business results.
Slow steaming has been identified across the shipping industry as one of the key measures to cut costs and save fuel, especially upon the entrance into force of 2020 sulphur cap. This is even more important for ultra large containerships whose engines have far greater capacity than smaller ships or those dominating other shipping sectors.
The container shipping sector has been slow steaming for the past 10 years, particularly on long trade routes like those connecting Asia and Europe.
“We have solved one of the two issues we’ve had with the reliability of our services with speed reduction. One of the issues was relative precision in the industry, the other one was nominal delivery to our customers. We are not satisfied with what we are delivering to our customers, and there is a very good correlation between improving that and reducing sailing speed and becoming more reliable,” Toft said.
As revealed, Maersk Line and Hamburg Süd managed to maintain top positions in the industry when it comes to reliability despite the overall worsening of reliability in the industry in the third quarter of the year.