来源：Offshore Energy 2021-02-17
翻译：国际海事信息网 黄子倩 张运鸿
虽然这艘碳中和船舶可以使用标准极低硫燃料油（standard VLSFO），但马士基计划从该船运营第一天起就使用绿色甲醇燃料（e-methanol）或者可持续生物甲醇（sustainable bio-methanol）。
Maersk to operate world’s 1st carbon-neutral feeder by 2023
Container shipping heavyweight Maersk plans to launch the world’s first carbon-neutral liner vessel in 2023, seven years ahead of the initial 2030-ambition, Maersk said.
The vessel will be a methanol feeder with a capacity of around 2,000 TEU and it would be deployed in one of Maersk’s intra-regional networks.
While the vessel will be able to operate on standard VLSFO, the plan is to operate the vessel on carbon neutral e-methanol or sustainable bio-methanol from day one.
The announcement comes amid growing customer demand for sustainable shipping chains as well as the acceleration of technological developments in the field to support the demand.
Both the methanol-fueled feeder vessel and the decision to install dual fuel engines on future newbuildings are part of Maersk’s ongoing fleet replacement plans.
The company expects CAPEX implications to be manageable.
The company ended the year with record quarterly results, forecasting an underlying EBITDA for 2021 in the range of $8.5-10.5bn, compared to $8.3bn in 2020.
In its CAPEX guidance, Maersk said that it expects to have $4.5-5.5 billion for 2021-2022.
Commenting last week on the prospects of ordering new ships, Skou said that Maersk needed to replace some of its aging tonnage, adding that nothing dramatic should be expected.
When it came to Capex guidance and fuel technology, the company said it was still working on figuring out what would be the best fuel of the future for its ships.
In line with its decarbonization strategy, Maersk aims to have commercially viable, net-zero vessels on the water by 2030, and to deliver a 60% relative reduction in CO2 emissions by 2030 compared to 2008 levels. However, with the latest announcement, the realization of these plans is likely to come even sooner.
Hence, the liner major has been investing a lot of its own money and effort to develop new fuels, zooming in on three potential fuel types based on alcohols (methanol and ethanol), bio-methane, and ammonia.
“Both of those fuel types have special issues: with alcohol, the flame point is very low so there’s a safety issue there, the other is that ammonia is toxic, so there’s also another safety issue there,” Skou pointed out.
“Nevertheless, we believe we can solve those problems in two to three years. It will still be a combustion engine as we know it today, which is good because it means there’s a chance we can even retrofit existing ships with new pistons and so on.”